Saturday, May 23, 2020

A Dolls House, a Play by Henrik Ibsen Quotations

A Dolls House is a famous and controversial play by Henrik Ibsen. Here are a few key quotes from A Dolls House. Is that my little lark, twittering out there?...When did my squirrel come home?(Helmer, Act 1) There can be no freedom or beauty about a home life that depends on borrowing and debt.(Helmer, Act 1) Its a sweet little bird, but it gets through a terrible amount of money. You wouldnt believe how much it costs a man when hes got a little song-bird like you!(Helmer, Act 1) Yes—some day, perhaps, after many years, when I am no longer as pretty as I am now. Dont laugh at me! I mean, of course, when Torvald is no longer as devoted to me as he is now; when my dancing and dressing-up and reciting have palled on him then it may be a good thing to have something in reserve.(Nora, Act 1) Still it was really tremendous fun sitting there working and earning money. It was almost like being a man.(Nora, Act 1) I should just love to say—Well, Im damned!(Nora, Act 1) Hasnt a daughter the right to protect her dying father from worry and anxiety? Hasnt a wife the right to save her husbands life? I dont know much about the law, but Im quite certain that it must say somewhere that things like that are allowed.(Nora, Act 1) Many a man can save himself if he admits hes done wrong and takes his punishment.(Helmer, Act 1) An atmosphere of lies like that infects and poisons the whole life of a home. In a house like that, every breath that the children take is filled with the germs of evil.(Helmer, Act 1) Almost everyone who has gone to the bad early in life has had a deceitful mother.(Helmer, Act 1) To be able to be free from care, quite free from care; to be able to play and romp with the children; to be able to keep the house beautifully and have everything just as Torvald likes it!(Nora, Act 1) Your squirrel would run about and do all her tricks if you would be nice, and do as she wants...Your skylark would chirp about in every room, with her song rising and falling.(Nora, Act 2) It is no use lying to ones self.(Rank, Act 2) A wonderful thing is going to happen!(Nora, Act 2) Nora, darling, youre dancing as if your life depended on it!(Helmer, Act 2) When I lost you, it was as if all the solid ground went from under my feet. Look at me now—I am a shipwrecked man clinging to a bit of wreckage.(Krogstad, Act 3) When youve sold yourself once for the sake of others, you dont do it a second time.(Mrs. Linde, Act 3) Someone to work for and live for—a home to bring comfort into. That I will do, indeed.(Mrs. Linde, Act 3) Why shouldnt I look at my dearest treasure?—at all the beauty that is mine, all my very own.(Helmer, Act 3) One cant have anything in this life without paying for it.(Rank, Act 3) At the next fancy-dress ball I shall be invisible...There is a big black hat—have you never heard of hats that make you invisible? If you put one on, no one can see you.(Rank, Act 3) Do you know, Nora, I have often wished that you might be threatened by some great danger, so that I might risk my lifes blood, and everything, for your sake.(Helmer, Act 3) The black, cold, icy water. Down and down, without end—if it would only end.(Nora, Act 3) From this moment happiness is not the question; all that concerns us is to save the remains, the fragments, the appearance.(Helmer, Act 3) I have existed merely to perform tricks for you, Torvald. But you would have it so. You and papa have committed a great sin against me. It is your fault that I have made nothing of my life...Our home has been nothing but a playroom. I have been your doll-wife, just as at home I was papas doll-child; and here the children have been my dolls. I thought it great fun when you played with me, just as they thought it great fun when I played with them. That is what our marriage has been, Torvald.(Nora, Act 3) If Im ever to reach any understanding of myself and the things around me, I must learn to stand alone. Thats why I cant stay here with you any longer.(Nora, Act 3) I have another duty equally sacred...My duty to myself.(Nora, Act 3) That I dont believe any more. I believe that first and foremost I am an individual, just as you are.(Nora, Act 3) You dont talk or think like the man I could bind myself to. When your first panic was over—not about what threatened me, but about what might happen to you—and when there was no more danger, then, as far as you were concerned, it was just as if nothing had happened at all. I was simply your little songbird, your doll, and from now on you would handle it more gently than ever because it was so delicate and fragile. At that moment, Torvald, I realized that for eight years Id been living her with a strange man and that Id borne him three children. Oh, I cant bear to think of it—I could tear myself to little pieces!(Nora, Act 3)

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Biology Prefixes and Suffixes Index

Have you ever heard of pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis? This is an actual word, but dont let that scare you. Some science terms can be difficult to comprehend: By identifying the affixes -- elements added before and after base words -- you can understand even the most complex terms. This index will help you identify some commonly used prefixes and suffixes in biology. Common Prefixes (Ana-): indicates upward direction, synthesis or buildup, repetition, excess or separation. (Angio-): signifies a type of receptacles such as a vessel or shell. (Arthr- or Arthro-): refers to a joint or a junction that separates different parts. (Auto-): identifies something as belonging to oneself, occurring within or occurring spontaneously. (Blast- , -blast): indicates an immature developmental stage. (Cephal- or Cephalo-): referring to the head. (Chrom- or Chromo-): denotes color or pigmentation. (Cyto- or Cyte-): regarding or relating to a cell. (Dactyl-, -dactyl): refers to a digit or tactile appendages such as a finger or toe. (Diplo-): means double, paired or twofold. (Ect- or Ecto-): means outer or external. (End- or Endo-): means inner or internal. (Epi-): indicates a position that is above, on or near a surface. (Erythr- or Erythro-): means red or reddish in color. (Ex- or Exo-): means external, out of or away from. (Eu-): means genuine, true, well or good. (Gam-, Gamo or -gamy): refers to fertilization, sexual reproduction or marriage. (Glyco- or Gluco-): pertains to a sugar or a sugar derivative. (Haplo-): means single or simple. (Hem-, Hemo- or Hemato-): denoting blood or blood components (plasma and blood cells). (Heter- or Hetero-): means unlike, different or other. (Karyo- or Caryo-): means nut or kernel, and also refers to the nucleus of a cell. (Meso-): means middle or intermediate. (My- or Myo-): means muscle. (Neur- or Neuro-): referring to nerves or the nervous system. (Peri-): means surrounding, near or around. (Phag- or Phago-): pertaining to eating, swallowing or consuming. (Poly-): means many or excessive. (Proto-): means primary or primitive. (Staphyl- or Staphylo-): referring to a cluster or bunch. (Tel- or Telo-): denoting an end, extremity or final phase. (Zo- or Zoo-): pertaining an animal or animal life. Common Suffixes (-ase): denoting an enzyme. In enzyme naming, this suffix is added to the end of the substrate name. (-derm or -dermis): referring to tissue or skin. (-ectomy or -stomy): pertaining to the act of cutting out or the surgical removal of tissue. (-emia or -aemia): referring to a condition of the blood or the presence of a substance in the blood. (-genic): means giving rise to, producing or forming. (-itis): denoting inflammation, commonly of a tissue or organ. (-kinesis or -kinesia): indicating activity or movement. (-lysis): referring to degradation, decomposition, bursting or releasing. (-oma): indicating an abnormal growth or tumor. (-osis or -otic): indicating a disease or abnormal production of a substance. (-otomy or -tomy): denoting an incision or surgical cut. (-penia): pertaining to a deficiency or lack. (-phage or -phagia): the act of eating or consuming. (-phile or -philic): having an affinity for or strong attraction to something specific. (-plasm or -plasmo): referring to tissue or a living substance. (-scope): denoting an instrument used for observation or examination. (-stasis): indicating the maintenance of a constant state. (-troph or -trophy): pertaining to nourishment or a method of nutrient acquisition. Other Tips While knowing suffixes and prefixes will tell you much about biological terms, its helpful to know a few other tricks for deciphering their meanings, including: Breaking down words: Breaking down biological terms into their component parts can help you decipher their meanings.Dissections: Just as you might dissect a frog to separate (it) into pieces, as Merriam-Webster explains, you can also break down a biological term to expose its several parts for scientific examination.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

John’s Descriptions Free Essays

Jon’s descriptions may be defined as the only Revelation that describes Antichrist. It is known that this word is not used in other Revelations. Religious communities are interested in revealing who Antichrist is and what influence he has had on religious development and bible compilation. We will write a custom essay sample on John’s Descriptions or any similar topic only for you Order Now However, Apostle John is the only person who pays attention to Antichrist. John writes that Antichrist is coming: â€Å"Little children, it is the last hour; and as you have heard that the Antichrist is coming, even now many antichrists have come, by which we know that it is the last hour. They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would have continued with us; but they went out that they might be made manifest, that none of them were of us†. (1 John 2:18, 19) When John was writing the movement was already present and, therefore, John uses present to prove that the last hour has come. John defines ‘antichrists’ as ex-church member who has abandoned their faith. It means that Antichrist was a Christian, but it was no single individual. Antichrist is liar who denies Jesus the Christ, as well as Father and the Son. John writes that he is not pleased with such people as they have betrayed the real faith. The God can’t be a spirit that denies Jesus Christ. Such spirit is Antichrist and he is present in the world: â€Å"For many deceivers have gone out into the world who do not confess Jesus Christ as coming in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist†. (2 John 1:7) The teachings of Antichrist aimed at showing that Jesus had not come in the flesh. Many people believed that Christ was divine, but erroneous belief that flesh was evil prevented them from faith expansion. John argues that humanity and divinity of Jesus Christ are central to Christian faith. How to cite John’s Descriptions, Papers

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Crocs Case Study free essay sample

The ability to fulfill orders based off of true and current demand is the staple of the Crocs supply chain. The flexibility in the Crocs supply chain has been in the company’s ability to provide additional products within the same season of release by not requiring their customers to order one time for the season and months in advance (Marks, Holloway, Lee, Hoyt, Silverman, 2011, para. 11). However, this design is not without dependency for a demand for the product. In its current structure, this supply chain is designed for continuous periods of demand. There is a lack of a strong contingency plan for periods of lower than anticipated demand or unforeseen disturbances, such as a recession (Suresh, 2013, para. 6). In order for Crocs to continue to grow and for the Crocs supply chain to remain successful during both periods of low and high demand, Crocs will need to centralize its facilities and continue to either own or run their partner’s operations with the assistance of a developed ERP system. We will write a custom essay sample on Crocs Case Study or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Crocs began in 2002 selling out of a warehouse in Florida and turned into a multi-country, multi-building, multi-partner supply chain (Marks et al, 2011, para. The first edition of the Crocs supply chain existed in two locations, U. S. and Canada, and two companies, Crocs and Finproject NA. Finproject manufactured the shoes and distribution of the shoes occurred through Crocs outsourcing over the U. S (Marks et al, 2011, para. 6, 10). The next edition of the supply chain is where Crocs took the first steps to vertically integrate their supply chain and developed two core competencies. In 2004, when Robert Snyder from Flextronics joined Crocs, Finproject became company owned, under the new name of â€Å"Foam Creations. † Now, Crocs owned the manufacturing of their product and the proprietary croslite resin that comprised their shoes (Marks et al, 2011, para. 5-6). As per the Crocs’ website, croslite is â€Å"a proprietary closed-cell resin that gives each pair of shoes its soft, comfortable, lightweight, non-marking and odor-resistant qualities† (http://company. crocs. com/fact-sheets/). At this point, raw materials were acquired in Europe and the United States but compounded in Italy and manufactured at Foam Creations in Canada (Marks et al, 2011, para. 25). To expand capacity limits beyond Foam Creations, Crocs began working with a manufacturer in China, and later in Florida, and Mexico. This later expansion was a result of Croc’s global strategy to enter the Asian and European markets (Marks et al, 2011, para. 27-28). Having the compounding activity occurring in Italy limited the amount of flexibility Crocs wanted in their supply chain. â€Å"Compounded material had to be sent from Italy to each production site, in the correct amounts and colors† (Marks et al, 2011, para. 35). Thus, manufacturers could only produce the colors they had received from Italy. In response, in 2006, Crocs took over this piece. As they already established ownership of the croslite resin, they created compounding facilities in Canada, China, and Mexico, where they could ship the raw materials and hold off on compounding until product demand was determined (Marks et al, 2011, para. 36). Although the manufacturers in Asia were willing to work with the unknown levels of production, manufacturers in most other markets were unwilling to do so. As a result, Crocs went from contract warehousing to company owned warehousing in those locations. They continued vertically integrating by owning manufacturers in Mexico and Italy with plans for a location in Brazil. â€Å"As Snyder noted, â€Å"We don’t lose interest in our own stuff† (Marks et al, 2011, para. 41). In Europe, they were able to locate a manufacturer in Bosnia that would meet the need for quick response to demand. Crocs would not own the company, but would instead own the equipment and molds and use Bosnian labor (Marks et al, 2011, para. 33). By 2007, the Crocs supply chain was fully developed in a manner that would allow Crocs to switch  between compounding facility, manufacturer facility, and distribution facility in order to fulfill customer’s orders with the quickest turnaround. Within these locations, Crocs had extra molding equipment and moldings so design capacity could be met at a moment’s notice. Crocs used an innovative material with the croslite resin material, which made their product unique. Crocs had developed two aspects of a competitive supply chain. There was built in responsiveness given this was the basis of Crocs supply chain. Since Crocs owned many pieces of the supply chain or had their employees or equipment in their partner’s locations, Crocs established healthy relationships between their partners. Nonetheless, the Crocs supply chain did have a major flaw. In its nature, the Crocs supply chain is built to have continuous demand but is not durable enough to manage slumps in demand, leading to concerns about continuing to be profitable (Mui, 2009, para. 3). In order to become more sustainable during low demand, Crocs has four options. Crocs built a majority of their supply chain by purchasing or implanting their equipment or staff into their partner’s locations. Crocs chose to vertically integrate instead of attempting to collaborate with their partners and allowing their partners to control the major activities. Crocs can continue to vertically integrate. This can be completed by adding the sourcing of raw materials under their ownership, expanding their company owned manufacturer and distribution facilities, and centralizing operations in top markets by relocating company owned facilities. The advantage of continuing to vertically integrate means that Crocs core competency is maintained. As responsive as Crocs tries to be, the supply chain still exhibits signs of the bullwhip effect due to the remaining outside vendors. Especially with the responsiveness required from Crocs, inventory is stored needlessly amongst partners. As per the Washington Post article Crocs Shoe Company Stumbles During Recession (2009), as a result of the recession, â€Å"Now its [Crocs’] stuck with a surplus of shoes.. (Mui, 2009, para. 3). If Crocs eliminates or reduces the remaining partners, they can further decide on the production schedule. The bullwhip effect will be reduced, if not eliminated, as they will have fewer partners to provide demand too. By building new facilities, Crocs can bring activities closer together and centralize some activities, reducing distance barriers. At this time, sourcing can occur in one country, compounding in another, manufacturing in yet another, and distribution in another. Centralizing allows Crocs to lower the production costs associated with having their product go to various locations before becoming a completed product, especially during low demand. The responsive production is still maintained, however, as these are still Crocs facilities and operate in accordance with Crocs principles. Nevertheless, purchasing and relocating are expensive endeavors. To operate in other countries means to comply with those governments. By continuing to outsource instead of vertically integrate, the outsourcing companies are responsible for compliance with government laws/fees instead of Crocs. There may be some advantages the outsourcing companies are receiving by not being owned by Crocs, where vertical integration will eliminate those. The second option available to Crocs is to acquire outside companies that own intellectual property or have already developed superior methods of producing shoe or shoe-like products. Between 2004 through 2006, Crocs acquired 5 different companies, as seen in Exhibit A. These purchases allowed Crocs to incorporate outside technology, as in the case of Foam Creations, into their products. By continuing to acquire outside companies, Crocs continues to learn of new material and new methods on how to better incorporate current materials into the product. These acquisitions can make the supply chain more efficient as new technologies become Crocs’ property, which Crocs can choose to share with their partners. As with vertical integration, there are high costs associated with purchasing outside companies. However, these costs may be offset by the access gained. In the case of Foam Creations, with this acquisition, Crocs gained ownership of the Croslite intellectual property, which is the key of their product’s core competency. When demand is low, Crocs can make use of their acquisitions by putting those acquisitions to other uses, such as research and design. Acquiring companies has to be decided upon with care, however, as not every company will add to the Crocs product and supply chain. The process of evaluating these choices can be time consuming and lengthy. A third option available to Crocs is growth by product extension. When Crocs began, they had two models, Beach and Cayman. These models were extremely popular and due to their popularity, the designs have been a platform for developing other shoe products and styles (Marks et al, 2011 para. 14). By 2007, Crocs showcased 31 shoes on their website, which included new items such as sandals and children’s boots. Also in 2007, Crocs obtained a licensing agreement with Disney and began incorporating Disney elements into their shoes, such as Mickey Mouse shaped holes. To reach a broader audience, Crocs dove into the college student market by offering shoes for 17 universities in school colors and with school logos. These products can be seen in Exhibit B. (Marks et al, 2011 para. 14). Innovation is key in the fashion world. As per CEO John McCarvel quoted in the Times Magazine article Why are Crocs Profitable Again? (2010), â€Å"If we make it a little more stylish, then we start to appeal to a larger audience† (Oloffson, 2010, para. 2). Expanding their product offerings keeps old customers interested and attracts new customers. Crocs can expand into different markets, such as college students or children, with different product offerings. Crocs can also stay ahead of their competitors by being the first to innovate. This will require additional moldings and molding equipment and clear communication amongst the supply chain to ensure new products can be developed as hoped. However, by innovating and offering multiple products, Crocs is then required to keep inventory to meet the demand. Crocs can maintain lower levels of inventory when declines in demand are identified. Yet, doing so will reduce the responsiveness that they have built into the supply chain and the commitment Crocs has to their customers. New products also require an investment in production. If the new item flops, those costs are lost. To ensure that Crocs is investing and producing the most profitable products, Crocs will need to ensure their marketing department is involved in further product expansion. This option allows Crocs to become seen as more than just boat shoes, but does not come without its risks. Lastly, Crocs can choose to expand their ERP system to their partners and incorporate a point of sale (POS) module within the system. In 2007, Crocs implemented an ERP system that monitored their upstream suppliers. However, there was no handle on actual retail volume because their smaller retailers were not connected to this ERP system (Marks et al, 2011, para. 62). By having all partners in the supply chain referencing the same levels of inventory and same projection for future orders, Crocs can better control their inventory levels. In periods of high demand, Crocs will know what is selling at each retailer. In periods of low demand, Crocs’ will be able to keep inventory low. Their retailers will see the available inventories of current stock and can make orders from these inventories. Yet, Crocs can still fulfill requests for products that are needed if not in inventory as the structure of the supply chain will not change. In periods of high demand, Crocs and their partners will be able to monitor where replenishment is required at a quicker rate improving the supply chain efficiency. Implementing this ERP system into the smaller retailers may not be easy. Crocs may experience resistance from the retailers as they may have to incur additional costs to implement this ERP. In addition, the retailers may not have the IT support to allow for their systems to become integrated with Crocs’ ERP system. Even if Crocs is unable to have all aspects of their ERP system implemented into their retailers programs, by adding the modules associated with inventory levels and product selection, Crocs can improve their demand planning. Of the available options, Crocs would be best advised to continue to vertically integrate, especially by centralizing their facilities. They would also add to their sustainability by purchasing further developments in their ERP system and the ERP systems of their customers. As per Forbes article Crocs Submerges (2008), â€Å"According to the March retail report from the U.S. Department of Commerce, clothing and clothing accessories stores suffered a 1. 6% decline in sales from the level in March 2007† (LaMotta, 2008, para. 12). Because it is known that there has been a decline in sales, Crocs needs to adjust accordingly. When demand is low, sitting inventory is lost money. Centralizing will bring Crocs’ production process closer together. The bullwhip effect will be lessened and extra inventory levels reduced. The costs associated with relocating can be alleviated by the costs saved in the shorter production process and lower inventory levels. By implementing point of sale (POS) software, Crocs will have more visibility to know exactly how their products are responding in each region. This will allow Crocs to make adjustments in production and have better grasp of how to forecast for future demand. Point of sale systems can be used to build customer profiles so Crocs can fine-tune their product offerings. In conclusion, Crocs’ sustainability and growth during periods of low and high demand will be contingent on Crocs continuing to vertically integrate and further developing their ERP system to include a POS module with their retail customers.

Sunday, March 22, 2020

Popularity of Reality Tv free essay sample

Popularity of Reality Shows Cause and effect essay Television tends to influence peoples life more than they actually think. Some television shows appear to be real such as soap operas and daytime dramas, altering the viewers perception of reality by making them blend in fantasy and fiction, but one kind of show has taken over the public attention in the past decade, the reality shows. Reality television is overtaking the networks and polluting the viewers minds with distorted pictures of reality, leaving behind an even bigger effect than that of regular television. The participants of a reality show acquire fame, become cover of magazines and immediately are stereotyped by the audience. They are taken to random places and have to act according to a script and also use some of their own attitudes to make the show as much entertainable as possible. The problem is that a lot of those attitudes seen on those shows are not to be considered ethical or set as examples. We will write a custom essay sample on Popularity of Reality Tv or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Reality television causes its viewers a strong influence on their behavior and how they interact with others, people tend to see the TV stars as ole models and end up acting like them. This mix of reality with fiction also causes the audience certain anxiety to always know what is going to happen in the next episode and keep people watching. Although reality television could be harmful to the public health ,based on this mental pollution and distortion of reality that it is caused, many reality shows can also be good for the viewers such as The Biggest Loser, The Apprentice or Big Brother, which gives the audience motivation, strategy skills, knowledge about some subject, etc.

Thursday, March 5, 2020

The Conflic of Hong Kong vs China

The Conflic of Hong Kong vs China Hong Kong is a part of China, but it has a unique history that affects the way people from Hong Kong (also known as Hong Kongers) interact with and perceive the mainland today. To understand why Hong Kongers and mainland Chinese often don’t get along, you need to first understand the basics of Hong Kong’s modern history. Heres a breakdown to help you understand the longstanding feud. The History of Hong Kong Hong Kong was occupied by the British army and then subsequently ceded to England as a colony as a result of the Opium Wars in the mid-19th century. While it had previously been considered a part of the Qing dynasty empire, it was ceded to the Brits in perpetuity in 1842. And although there were some minor changes and periods of upheaval, the city remained a British colony, in essence, up until 1997 when control was formally handed over to the People’s Republic of China. Because it had been a British colony during the formative years of the People Republic of China, Hong Kong was quite different from mainland China. It had a democratic system of local government, a free press, and a culture that was deeply influenced by England. Many Hong Kongers were suspicious or even fearful of the PRC’s intentions for the city, and indeed some fled to Western countries prior to the takeover in 1997. The Peoples Republic of China, for its part, has assured Hong Kong that it will be allowed to retain its self-governing democratic system for at least 50 years, and it is currently considered a â€Å"Special Administrative Region† and not subject to the same laws or restrictions as the rest of the People’s Republic of China. Hong Kong vs. China Controversies The sharp contrast in system and culture between Hong Kong and the mainland has caused a fair amount of tension in the years since the handover in 1997. Politically, many Hong Kongers have grown increasingly resentful of what they see as increasing mainland meddling in their political system. Hong Kong still has a free press, but pro-mainland voices have also taken control of some of the city’s major media outlets, and in some cases have caused controversy by censoring or downplaying negative stories about China’s central government. Culturally, Hong Kongers and mainland tourists frequently come into conflict when the mainlanders’ behavior doesn’t live up to Hong Konger’s strict British-influenced standards. Mainlanders are sometimes derogatorily called â€Å"locusts,† a reference to the idea that they come to Hong Kong, consume its resources, and leave a mess behind when they leave. Many of the things Hong Kongers complain about- spitting in public and eating on the subway, for exaple- are considered socially acceptable on the mainland. Hong Kongers have been especially annoyed by mainland mothers, some of whom come to Hong Kong to give birth so that their children can have access to the relative freedom and the superior schools and economic conditions in the city as compared to the rest of China. In past years, mothers also sometimes came to Hong Kong to buy massive quantities of milk power for their infants, as the supply on the mainland was distrusted by many following the tainted  milk powder scandal. Mainlanders, for their part, have been known to lash back and what some of them see as â€Å"ungrateful† Hong Kong. Peoples Republic of China nationalist commentator Kong Qingdong, for example, caused a major controversy in 2012 when he called Hong Kong people â€Å"dogs,† a reference to their alleged nature as submissive colonial subjects, which led to protests in Hong Kong. Can Hong Kong and China Ever Get Along? Trust in mainland food supplies is low, and Chinese tourists are not likely to change their behavior significantly in the immediate future, nor is the Peoples Republic of China government likely to lose interest in influencing Hong Kong politics. Given the significant differences in political culture and systems of government, it is likely that tension between Hong Kongers and some mainland Chinese will remain for some time to come.

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Testable hypothesis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Testable hypothesis - Essay Example Its meaning, from a social perspective and from the scope of the reading, is coming together of people who have a common aim in the society and the aim can be implemented at different levels of the associations. Social stability and morality are other variables in the hypothesis. Social stability refers to existence of a systematic and sustainable framework of social norms that may be enforced by a social centre of power or a virtual authority. Morality however defines acceptable acts in a society and emanates from established norms. Operationalization of variables The hypothesis seeks to determine the role of association in moderating social stability and morality. Number and size of associations are the dependent variables while social stability and morality are independent variables. Two measures are used to investigate two independent roles of association. One measure is the number of associations in a locality. The other measure is the size of association in terms of number of m embers, and population size is the measurement basis, measurable on a ratio scale, for both measures. Social stability is measured based on experienced consistency in values within associations and ability to enforce such values. A scale, on a range of one to ten, and based on experiences among members of association is applicable in measuring level of social stability in associations. Incidences of outstanding cases of immorality, leading to mass calls for corrective measures, form basis of determining level of morality within associations. Possible sources of data Members of associations and published empirical data on associations are the possible sources of data for testing the hypothesis. Hypothesis 2 Another testable hypothesis, based on the reading, explores the relationship between independence of the press and perceived level of liberty in a jurisdiction (Tocqueville, 1953, p. 96, 97. The following is the testable hypothesis for the relationship. H2: Level of independence o f the press determines the level of liberty that people enjoy in a territory Definition of variables Two variables, independence of the press and people’s liberty, are important to the hypothesis. Independence of the press defines freedom of the press from regulations by political and legal authorities. Even though a level of regulation is necessary, some regulations are controversial and are widely perceived to be restrictive to the role of the press and the hypothesis focuses on these regulations. Liberty defines statutory rights of citizens and such rights are protected from arbitrary actions by authorities. Operationalization of variables Independence of the press is the hypothesis’ independent variable while liberty is the dependent variable. Number of controversial regulations over freedom of press measures level of independence of the press, on an inverse scale, across provincial and territorial jurisdictions. Number of controversial regulations, limiting people ’s rights and freedoms in the provincial and territorial jurisdictions measures level of liberty on an inverse scale. The measurements are in ratio scale. Possible sources of data Human rights activist groups and legal experts, especially experts who specialize in human rights and freedom of press is the possible source of data. Hypothesis 3 Another possible testable hypothesis is on the role of unrestricted liberty on defining level of anarchy in a territory and the hypothesis